Filed under First Aid

A new Poison helpline for Cape Town

A new Poison helpline for Cape Town

A new Poisons Emergency Service came into operation on 1st June 2015, which is serviced by both Tygerberg Hospital and Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital. The individual numbers (021 931 6129 and 021 689 5227) previously used for poison emergencies by these two hospitals have been phased out. There is now a single dedicated telephone number which is operative … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to treat Fever Convulsions

First Aid Basics: How to treat Fever Convulsions

Fever convulsions are similar to epileptic fits. They occur mainly in children under the age of 7 years old.  The convulsions are not caused by high body temperatures but the rapid increase in temperature. They can occur at even low temperatures of around 39 degrees. While fever convulsions appear serious they generally are not. The … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to treat epilepsy

First Aid Basics: How to treat epilepsy

When a person is having an epileptic fit allow him or her to move freely, do not restrain the person. This cannot be reiterated enough. Never restrain an epileptic from cramping. Do not burn material under the patients nose, as this leads to smoke inhalation and poisoning.  Protect the person by removing all the objects which could … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

All too often people completely misunderstand and irrationally fear epilepsy. Epilepsy is not a disease. It is a condition caused by a chemical and electrical imbalance in the brain. People have the ability to deal with a number of  stimuli which trigger electric impulses to our brain, for example light, heat etc. In a nut … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: Different types of poisoning

First Aid Basics: Different types of poisoning

An approximated 80% of all poisoning victims in South Africa are under the age of 3 years old. Annually more than 50 000 toddlers are poisoned. 15% are critical and sadly around 8% are fatal. There are 3 main types of poisoning, namely; Poisoning via the digestive tract where substances  have been swallowed (click for more info). Poisoning … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to treat burns

First Aid Basics: How to treat burns

A burn is one of the most serious and yet most common preventable accidents in today’s society. Of all the burn victims, 75% are young children. It is the second most common cause of death for children under three, and when you understand this, you understand just how important it is to teach children about … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR on an infant

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR on an infant

CPR on an infant differs from CPR on an adult. Ventilation of both the nose and mouth simultaneously is required. Chest compressions should be done with just 2 fingers and below instead of on, the nipple lie. The treatment is administered faster but more gently and the rhythm is different in that it is 2 ventilation’s to 15 chest compression’s. For more great … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR

CPR is the acronym for cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used when a patient is unconscious, has stopped breathing and there is no pulse. Before starting CPR the following preparations are essential: Perform a vital signs assessment: Consciousness: talk, touch, pinch Airways: Clear mouth, tilt head back Breathing: Look, listen and feel Circulation: Check pulse The … Continue reading