First Aid Basics: Different Types of Poisoning

An approximated 80% of all poisoning victims in South Africa are under the age of 3 years old. Annually more than 50 000 toddlers are poisoned. 15% are critical and sadly around 8% are fatal. There are 3 main types of poisoning, namely; Poisoning via the digestive tract where substances  have been swallowed (click for more info). Poisoning via the respiratory tract  when gases or fumes are inhaled(click for … Continue reading First Aid Basics: Different Types of Poisoning

First Aid Basics: How to Treat Burns

A burn is one of the most serious and yet most common preventable accidents in today’s society. Of all the burn victims, 75% are young children. It is the second most common cause of death for children under three, and when you understand this, you understand just how important it is to teach children about dangerous areas of the home and to limit access to … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Treat Burns

First Aid Basics: How to Assist a Person That is Choking

Choking is one of the most common forms of respiratory disturbances. This happens when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat in a way that the patient cannot expel it, depending on the age of the person, there are three methods to expel it. For patients older than 10 the Heimlich manoeuvre is advised. Do not use this move on young children as it may … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Assist a Person That is Choking

First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Electrical Injuries

Electrical injuries are extremely dangerous, not only because of the burn injury that is inflicted, but because of the circulatory disturbances which can result in heart failure. This condition will not always be obvious immediately and may only occur after a prolonged period of time. It is therefore recommended to treat the burn injury ( click here for directions on how to treat a burn), … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Electrical Injuries

First Aid Basics: How to Assist the Unconscious Patient

Before you can determine if a person is unconscious, check that they are in fact unconscious and have not simply fainted. Once you have determined that the person has not fainted, asses the level of consciousness by speaking loudly to the patient, if there is no reaction, gently pat the patient on the cheek, and finally if there is still no reaction, inflict a sharper … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Assist the Unconscious Patient

First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR on an Infant

CPR on an infant differs from CPR on an adult. Ventilation of both the nose and mouth simultaneously is required. Chest compressions should be done with just 2 fingers and below instead of on, the nipple lie. The treatment is administered faster but more gently and the rhythm is different in that it is 2 ventilation’s to 15 chest compression’s. For more great articles and tips, please subscribe to receive our latest articles or join … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR on an Infant

First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR

CPR is the acronym for cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used when a patient is unconscious, has stopped breathing and there is no pulse. Before starting CPR the following preparations are essential: Perform a vital signs assessment: Consciousness: talk, touch, pinch Airways: Clear mouth, tilt head back Breathing: Look, listen and feel Circulation: Check pulse The patient must be positioned on his/her back on a hard … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR