Tagged with First Aid

First Aid Basics: How to treat Fever Convulsions

First Aid Basics: How to treat Fever Convulsions

Fever convulsions are similar to epileptic fits. They occur mainly in children under the age of 7 years old.  The convulsions are not caused by high body temperatures but the rapid increase in temperature. They can occur at even low temperatures of around 39 degrees. While fever convulsions appear serious they generally are not. The … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to treat epilepsy

First Aid Basics: How to treat epilepsy

When a person is having an epileptic fit allow him or her to move freely, do not restrain the person. This cannot be reiterated enough. Never restrain an epileptic from cramping. Do not burn material under the patients nose, as this leads to smoke inhalation and poisoning.  Protect the person by removing all the objects which could … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

All too often people completely misunderstand and irrationally fear epilepsy. Epilepsy is not a disease. It is a condition caused by a chemical and electrical imbalance in the brain. People have the ability to deal with a number of  stimuli which trigger electric impulses to our brain, for example light, heat etc. In a nut … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: Different types of poisoning

First Aid Basics: Different types of poisoning

An approximated 80% of all poisoning victims in South Africa are under the age of 3 years old. Annually more than 50 000 toddlers are poisoned. 15% are critical and sadly around 8% are fatal. There are 3 main types of poisoning, namely; Poisoning via the digestive tract where substances  have been swallowed (click for more info). Poisoning … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to treat burns

First Aid Basics: How to treat burns

A burn is one of the most serious and yet most common preventable accidents in today’s society. Of all the burn victims, 75% are young children. It is the second most common cause of death for children under three, and when you understand this, you understand just how important it is to teach children about … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR on an infant

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR on an infant

CPR on an infant differs from CPR on an adult. Ventilation of both the nose and mouth simultaneously is required. Chest compressions should be done with just 2 fingers and below instead of on, the nipple lie. The treatment is administered faster but more gently and the rhythm is different in that it is 2 ventilation’s to 15 chest compression’s. For more great … Continue reading

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR

First Aid Basics: How to perform CPR

CPR is the acronym for cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used when a patient is unconscious, has stopped breathing and there is no pulse. Before starting CPR the following preparations are essential: Perform a vital signs assessment: Consciousness: talk, touch, pinch Airways: Clear mouth, tilt head back Breathing: Look, listen and feel Circulation: Check pulse The … Continue reading

First Aid tip: What is circulation?

First Aid tip: What is circulation?

Circulation is when the heart pumps blood via blood vessels to supply each and every cell in our bodies with oxygen using a system of arteries and veins. Arteries are the blood vessels that pump oxygenated blood from the heart to various cells, veins transport deoxygenated blood back to the heart. The heart is a … Continue reading

First Aid basics: What is unconsciousness?

First Aid basics: What is unconsciousness?

Unconsciousness is akin to a coma and is a very dangerous state. This is caused by a severe lack of oxygen to the brain. It may easily result in a life threatening condition as other vital functions fail. Typical causes include; circulatory conditions, poisening,concussion, loss of blood and severe breathing disturbances. When a person is unconscious the … Continue reading

First Aid basics: What is fainting?

First Aid basics: What is fainting?

Many people often confuse  fainting with unconsciousness.  Fainting is a protective and automatic mechanism. It protects a person when there is a slight lack of oxygen to the brain. A lack of oxygen can be caused by exposure to heat,  pain, psychological stress or low blood pressure.  Fainting is not serious in the long run. The … Continue reading