First Aid Course Special in Cape Town!

The Department of Labour is changing the first aid regulations, meaning all current first aid level 1,2,3 courses will fall away and a new 5 day full qualification will take its place. Candidates will have to compete a portfolio of evidence to prove they can treat patients. While this change is being challenged and we are awaiting the outcome, the regulations are scheduled to change … Continue reading First Aid Course Special in Cape Town!

First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Fractures

A fracture is an injury to a bone often resulting in a clean break. Today we do not use a splint on a fracture victim, unless the injured person will have to be moved before emergency help can arrive.  Your only other goal when assisting a fracture victim is to assist in easing the pain of the injured party. Encourage the patient to position the … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Fractures

First Aid Basics: How to Treat Fever Convulsions

Fever convulsions are similar to epileptic fits. They occur mainly in children under the age of 7 years old.  The convulsions are not caused by high body temperatures but the rapid increase in temperature. They can occur at even low temperatures of around 39 degrees. While fever convulsions appear serious they generally are not. The child will require protection from objects that could hurt him … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Treat Fever Convulsions

First Aid Basics: How to Treat Epilepsy

When a person is having an epileptic fit allow him or her to move freely, do not restrain the person. This cannot be reiterated enough. Never restrain an epileptic from cramping. Do not burn material under the patients nose, as this leads to smoke inhalation and poisoning.  Protect the person by removing all the objects which could cause harm and cushioning the head with pillows. Do not insert … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Treat Epilepsy

First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

All too often people completely misunderstand and irrationally fear epilepsy. Epilepsy is not a disease. It is a condition caused by a chemical and electrical imbalance in the brain. People have the ability to deal with a number of  stimuli which trigger electric impulses to our brain, for example light, heat etc. In a nut shell each person cerebral stimuli threshold is unique and allow … Continue reading First Aid Basics: What is Epilepsy?

First Aid Basics: How to deal with poisoning via the skin

Poisoning via the skin may happen in a number of ways. It could happen as a result of corrosion, chemical contact, animal bites and stings, or the injection of drugs. When it is chemical, the first step is to check the patients vital signs, once these are established, you should try to clean the affected areas with as much running water as possible. The injuries … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to deal with poisoning via the skin

First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Poisoning Via the Respiratory Tract

When a patient has been poisoned by gas or fumes it is imperative that you consider your own safety first and to carefully assess the scene before any rescue attempts are made. When the patient is removed from the danger zone,  check their vital signs and the patient must be treated accordingly. Call rescue services immediately. For more great articles and tips, please subscribe to receive our latest articles or join … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Poisoning Via the Respiratory Tract

First Aid Basics: Different Types of Poisoning

An approximated 80% of all poisoning victims in South Africa are under the age of 3 years old. Annually more than 50 000 toddlers are poisoned. 15% are critical and sadly around 8% are fatal. There are 3 main types of poisoning, namely; Poisoning via the digestive tract where substances  have been swallowed (click for more info). Poisoning via the respiratory tract  when gases or fumes are inhaled(click for … Continue reading First Aid Basics: Different Types of Poisoning

First Aid Basics: How to Treat Burns

A burn is one of the most serious and yet most common preventable accidents in today’s society. Of all the burn victims, 75% are young children. It is the second most common cause of death for children under three, and when you understand this, you understand just how important it is to teach children about dangerous areas of the home and to limit access to … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Treat Burns

First Aid Basics: How to Assist a Person That is Choking

Choking is one of the most common forms of respiratory disturbances. This happens when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat in a way that the patient cannot expel it, depending on the age of the person, there are three methods to expel it. For patients older than 10 the Heimlich manoeuvre is advised. Do not use this move on young children as it may … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Assist a Person That is Choking

First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Electrical Injuries

Electrical injuries are extremely dangerous, not only because of the burn injury that is inflicted, but because of the circulatory disturbances which can result in heart failure. This condition will not always be obvious immediately and may only occur after a prolonged period of time. It is therefore recommended to treat the burn injury ( click here for directions on how to treat a burn), … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Deal with Electrical Injuries

First Aid Basics: How to Assist the Unconscious Patient

Before you can determine if a person is unconscious, check that they are in fact unconscious and have not simply fainted. Once you have determined that the person has not fainted, asses the level of consciousness by speaking loudly to the patient, if there is no reaction, gently pat the patient on the cheek, and finally if there is still no reaction, inflict a sharper … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Assist the Unconscious Patient

First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR on an Infant

CPR on an infant differs from CPR on an adult. Ventilation of both the nose and mouth simultaneously is required. Chest compressions should be done with just 2 fingers and below instead of on, the nipple lie. The treatment is administered faster but more gently and the rhythm is different in that it is 2 ventilation’s to 15 chest compression’s. For more great articles and tips, please subscribe to receive our latest articles or join … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR on an Infant

First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR

CPR is the acronym for cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used when a patient is unconscious, has stopped breathing and there is no pulse. Before starting CPR the following preparations are essential: Perform a vital signs assessment: Consciousness: talk, touch, pinch Airways: Clear mouth, tilt head back Breathing: Look, listen and feel Circulation: Check pulse The patient must be positioned on his/her back on a hard … Continue reading First Aid Basics: How to Perform CPR

First Aid Tip: What is Circulation?

Circulation is when the heart pumps blood via blood vessels to supply each and every cell in our bodies with oxygen using a system of arteries and veins. Arteries are the blood vessels that pump oxygenated blood from the heart to various cells, veins transport deoxygenated blood back to the heart. The heart is a fist sized muscle located in the centre of the chest … Continue reading First Aid Tip: What is Circulation?