First Aid basics: What is fainting?

Many people often confuse  fainting with unconsciousness.  Fainting is a protective and automatic mechanism. It protects a person when there is a slight lack of oxygen to the brain. A lack of oxygen can be caused by exposure to heat,  pain, psychological stress or low blood pressure.  Fainting is not serious in the long run. The person will wake easily by pats on the cheek or naturally within a minutes or two. When the person awakes, he or she should remain lying down with legs elevated for a few minutes so that there is maximum blood flow to the brain.

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